MUNTAKA CHASANT
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Agbogbloshie Ghana

Agbogbloshie, Ghana (2020): Questions and Answers

A look at Agbogbloshie, Ghana, after the end of the second decade of the 21st century. Photos and videos included.

January 1, 2020

January 1, 2020

14 Min read time

Dismantled computer parts at Agbogbloshie, Ghana. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

A look at Agbogbloshie, Ghana, after the end of the second decade of the 21st century. Photos and videos included.

Last updated: Oct 1, 2020 1:27 AM GMT

The poverty, miserable living conditions, and the ecological ruin at Agbogbloshie, Ghana, have been the subject of many international headlines and essays over the years.

While there’s a sound logic to point fingers at the Western use-and-throw away consumer culture for a place such as Agbogbloshie, I’ll be arguing on this page that this blame-casting business frequently goes overboard by absolving poorer countries for their part in it.

Check out the video below. Captured on September 28, 2020. Should get you started before scrolling down:

Agbogbloshie remains in poverty’s tight grip. But make no mistake — it is not only the poor who participate in the waste economy at Agbogbloshie. It is a very profitable business.

Take the immediate photos below.

The young men (known as ‘burner boys’) had been burning waste cables to recover copper in the rain. But they are only the physical manifestations of the copper business at Agbogbloshie. The wires frequently belong to scrap dealers known as ‘masters.’ These bosses sit atop a very complex and deep network of hierarchical tribal systems that span geographies. 

The wires being incinerated in the photos below had been collected from local sources. From junkyards (wiring harness), electrical shops, building contractors, and households, where they paid a small fee for old and unused electronics that had been in Ghana for decades.

Scrap workers also remove copper wires from cathode-ray tube (CRT) TVs, old computers, and other end-of-life e-waste as well.

There are layers of people involved in the copper burning and e-waste business at Agbogbloshie. For copper:

  • Itinerant collectors — small-time collectors travel far and wide with pushcarts to buy e-waste from households, wiring harness from junkyards, and other cables from electrical shops and building contractors. They also scavenge for scrap metal. Others use motorized tricycles and trucks.
  • The collectors sell their wares to scrap dealers (known as ‘masters’) at Agbogbloshie and other places for cheap. The collectors sometimes cut through the chain and deal with recovery themselves.
  • The scrap dealers’ apprentices (known as ‘boys’) use bare hands, stones, and hammers to break apart some of the e-waste for the precious materials inside, including insulated wires. The wires are bundled together with other cables and sent to the ‘Kilimanjaro’ and ‘Bombay’ burning sites. The ‘Kilimanjaro’ copper burning site is the open incineration site near the Korle Lagoon. ‘Bombay’ is the area on the large e-waste dump behind the headquarters of the ICGC church.
  • Depending on the load, the ‘burner boys‘ can be paid between GH₵2.00 (around $0.35 as of August 2020) and GH₵200 ($35).
  • The ‘burner boys’ then use styrofoam packing and scrap tires as fuel to remove the plastic sheaths off the insulated wires.
  • The freshly recovered copper wires are then immediately carted away, weighed and sold, for instant cash.
  • The wires now start their journey. A large chunk is shipped outside Ghana, where they are used as primary inputs in the production of new devices.
  • It is this demand and supply that is fueling the toxic pollution at Agbogbloshie and destroying the lives of hundreds of young people.

But this tragic scene (photos above) is frequently misreported as ‘poor people in poorer countries burning e-waste from the rich West.‘ That is mostly not the case, at least, not for Agbogbloshie in the better part of the last decade.

For me, constructing the narrative this way does not only take away the agency of these struggling people but also makes a mockery of their poverty. That, they are too passive to be conscious of their attempt to improve their material condition. It must be the West’s fault.

Local government officials, usually clueless on issues concerning toxicity levels, lurk behind headlines that misrepresent the facts to point fingers at the West.

Auto parts such as car steering wheels and armature, and several copper-embedded household items are incinerated every day alongside waste cables at Agbogbloshie.

Would you blame the makers — or the countries of origin — of the car steering wheels (removed from scrapped cars) in the video below or the local government, which controls the realities that define poverty, the environment, land tenure, and healthcare?

Should industrialized nations restrict the shipment of motor vehicles to Ghana because certain parts are eventually incinerated in the open like in the video below?

RELATED: Agbogbloshie: Burning Car Steering Wheels

A significant chunk of the e-waste ending up at Agbogbloshie is generated by people in Ghana.

Yes, the vintage televisions, stereo systems, desktop computers, etc. were imported, but they first add value to the local economy by several years of use by households and businesses before ending up at a place such as Agbogbloshie.

For me, the ecological collapse at Agbogbloshie could only have resulted from the shortsighted environmental policies of Ghana’s successive governments.

Characterizations such as those above frequently miss some key perspectives: local perception and knowledge. This raises several questions for me:

  • What do the people themselves think? (ex. a burner boy told me GIZ, a German development agency in the area trying to help, seems to have more money and doesn’t know what to do with it because he frankly doesn’t see the point of their intervention.)
  • Why do they resist development interventions?
  • Do they interpret their problems in the manner that we attempt to theorize them?
  • Can we retheorize their condition?

Some of the questions above interrogate the development discourse and practice, which seem to view poor people in developing countries as passive.

Passive poor people: we can’t help it but have others blame themselves for our condition.

The answers to some of the questions above can be found in another question, which is this: where did all the trillions of dollars in aide money to the world’s poor go in the last 70 years?

These questions are quite relevant to Agbogbloshie and the several attempts (some with donor aide money) to restore its degraded ecosystem, in my opinion.

Use the table of contents below to navigate through the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about Agbogbloshie, Ghana.

Brief History of Agbogbloshie

Agbogbloshie was a temporary settlement for refugees from what is locally known as the Guinea Fowl War (the Kokomba-Nanumba war of 1994). 

A high ranking member of the leadership of the Agbogbloshie scrapyard has told me that small scrap activities started near the Old Fadama Police Station towards ‘Galloway’ as far back as the 1980s.

Things picked up around the late 90s after the Greater Accra Scrap Dealers Association was formed.

There are tales of Agbogbloshie being a thriving wetland with a small wildlife population in the 70s and even the 80s. Not so much now, as you will see on this page.

Where is Agbogbloshie Located?

Agbogblshie is situated on the Korle Lagoon, near the center of Accra, Ghana’s capital city.

Fed by the Odaw River, the Korle Lagoon links to the Gulf of Guinea, the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean.

Agbogbloshie is about a kilometer away from Makola, one of Ghana’s largest markets, and around 10 km away from the Kotoka International Airport.

What is Going on at Agbogbloshie?

Scrap and electronic waste activities have raised toxicity concerns around Agbogbloshie for more than a decade now. 

Hundreds of scrap workers toil in the toxic environment at Agbogbloshie every day trying to salvage usable components from the waste stream.

Agbogbloshie is also the largest open food market in Accra.  

This is how the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations characterized Agbogbloshie in 2016:

“Agbogbloshie is a toxic threat. The burning of e-waste releases toxic fumes that spread throughout the community, threatening city dwellers. The toxic chemical fumes released get into the food market and get inside the soil throughout the area when it rains. Indeed, high levels of toxins have been discovered in soil and food samples, as these chemicals stay in the food chain.” – FAO 20161

Agbogbloshie is a toxic threat. The burning of e-waste releases toxic fumes that spread throughout the community, threatening city dwellers. The toxic chemical fumes released get into the food market and get inside the soil throughout the area when it rains. Indeed, high levels of toxins have been discovered in soil and food samples, as these chemicals stay in the food chain.”

FAO 2016

There are several environmental and health hazards related to recycling at Agbogbloshie. Among them:

1. The open burning of waste cables to recover copper

While mechanical processes such as hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy are used to recover traces of valuable metals from electronic waste in other parts of the world, urban miners at Agbogbloshie frequently use styrofoam packaging and scrap tires as fuel to remove the plastic sheaths off electrical wires for the copper materials inside.

This releases a cocktail of highly toxic substances into Accra’s air, the soil, and groundwater.

This is a major source of air pollution in Accra Central. 

Air pollution is a leading risk factor for premature death in Ghana. 

More than 28,000 people die from air pollution in Ghana every year, according to the World Health Organization.2

Armature, steering wheels, and all sorts of copper embedded materials — such as heliax coaxial cables — are also openly incinerated.

Don’t be too quick to start pointing fingers yet.

Contrary to what many documentaries would have you believe, the burning of waste cables to recover copper-clad steels has little to do with the illegal importation of electronic waste into Ghana. 

Most of the wires incinerated in the open at Agbogbloshie are collected locally — from auto repair shops (wiring harness), households, building contractors, and other junkyards.

The burning of electrical wires at Agbogbloshie is a local problem that should be dealt with by the Government of Ghana — not Germany or the USA.

Don’t confuse this problem with the unsafe dismantling of e-waste at Agbogbloshie. They are not the same problem.

2. The unsafe dismantling of e-waste at Agbogbloshie

This problem usually involves the use of hammers, bare hands, and stones, to dismantle parts of old television sets, laptops, desktop computers, mobile phones, and other electronics to retrieve the valuable materials inside.

Wires from electronics are also bundled together and incinerated for the copper materials inside.

The unsafe dismantling of e-waste and the open burning of electrical wires to recover the copper inside raise very serious concerns about toxicity at Agbogbloshie.

Scrap workers, the public (Agbogbloshie is the largest open food market in Accra), and livestock come in direct contact with toxic substances such as arsenic, lead, mercury, cadmium, and brominated flame retardants, at Agbogbloshie, every day.

In a study published in 2013, Jack Caranavos of New York University and other researchers found lead levels as high as 18,125 parts per million (ppm)3 in one of the soil samples collected from around Agbogbloshie.

US EPA’s recommended standard for lead in bare soil in non-play areas is 1200 ppm and 400 ppm for play areas.4

A 2019 study by the Basel Action Network and the International Pollutants Elimination Network also found high levels of toxins such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and chlorinated dioxins in free-range chicken eggs at Agbogbloshie.5

What are Some Toxic and Hazardous Materials in E-waste At Agbogbloshie?

Ghana lacks the capacity to manage hazardous substances in e-waste.

Certain hazardous materials in electronics have been banned for several decades now, but because the majority of the e-waste that ends up at Agbogbloshie are old, they are mostly filled with toxic substances that pose risks to human health and the environment.

1. Lead: This can be found in CRT screens, printed boards, and batteries, at Agbogbloshie. Children as young as 7 years use bare hands, stones, and hammers to dismantle electronics for the precious metals inside at Agbogbloshie.

The Agbogbloshe e-waste dump is strewn with broken CRT TV and monitor glasses.

Lead is known to cause severe impairment in children as it can affect the development of their brain and nervous system.

According to the World Health Organization, there is no known safe blood lead concentration. This means that even a small amount of exposure can cause harmful health effects in both children and adults.

A study by Richard Canfield and other researchers in 2003 found a significant link between high blood lead concentration and a decline in IQ in children.

2. Mercury: This can be found in batteries, thermostats, and switches.

Exposure to mercury is associated with kidney damage, and it’s also known to impair neurological development in children. 

As an e-waste and auto parts processing area, Agbogbloshie is filled with devices that contain batteries, thermostats, and switches.

3. Chromium: This can be found in a lot of electronic devices due to its ability to prevent corrosion. It also helps to increase the conductivity of electrical impulses. 

Chromium is associated with occupational asthma, kidney, and liver damage, with the highly dangerous hexavalent chromium recognized as a carcinogen.

Other hazardous substances that can be found at Agbogbloshie include cadmium, dioxins, furans, and PCBs.

Is Agbogbloshie The Most Toxic Environment in the World?

Agbogbloshie is often erroneously listed as the most toxic environment in the world (in reference to Pure Earth & Green Cross Switzerland’s ratings).

Pure Earth (formerly the Blacksmith Institute) is a not-for-profit organization that helps to clean up toxic pollution in some of the world’s poorest areas.

Green Cross Switzerland was founded by the former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993 to provide assistance to country’s facing serious environmental degradation.

Pure Earth and Green Cross Switzerland got together and made a list of the world’s top ten most toxic environments titled:

THE WORLDS WORST 2013: THE TOP TEN THREATS.

Agbogbloshie, Ghana, was the only toxic threat to start with the letter ‘A’ on the list, thereby earning it the top-most position.

The toxic threats locations were not ranked, merely listed in alphabetical order.

Many people who did not notice this began spreading the word that Abgogbloshie was the most polluted place on earth. This is not accurate by Pure Earth & Green Cross Switzerland’s rating.

You can see the list in this document.

Here’s the list below:

THE WORLDS WORST 2013: THE TOP TEN THREATS.

  1. Agbogbloshie, Ghana
  2. Chernobyl, Ukraine
  3. Citarum River, Indonesia
  4. Dzershinsk, Russia
  5. Hazaribagh, Bangladesh
  6. Kabwe, Zambia
  7. Kalimantan, Indonesia
  8. Matanza Riachuelo, Argentina
  9. Niger River Delta, Nigeria
  10. Norilsk, Russia

Source: Pure Earth and Green Cross Switzerland

Is Agbogbloshie The Largest Electronic Waste Dump in the World?

It is unlikely that a scrapyard covering a total area of around 4,400 foots could be the largest electronic waste dumpsite in the world. China’s Giuyu6 covers more than 50 square kilometers.

According to Pure Earth and Green Cross Switzerland, Agbogbloshie is the second largest e-waste processing area in the West Africa sub-region. Most likely coming after the Olusosun landfill in Lagos, Nigeria.

The Olusosun landfill is often regarded as the largest dumpsite in Africa.

You can safely dismiss any headline that claims Agbogbloshie is the largest electronic waste dump in the world. Feel free to visit Agbogbloshie to determine the accuracy of this claim for yourself.

Who Profits From Agbogbloshie?

The valuable metal recovery business at Agbogbloshie is very lucrative.

According to a UN Environment Programme report, the estimated value of recoverable materials in e-waste is worth over $62 billion every year7. This is bigger than Ghana’s 2017 GDP of $58.9 Billion (World bank).

Low-level scrap workers and Accra residents suffer the most while the scrap dealers, their clientele, and the Government of Ghana earn from this.

The Government of Ghana earns from this through the use of recycled materials by the local industry and through export taxes.

The price of copper at Agbogbloshie as of August 2020 was GH₵10 (around $1.75/ Aug 2020 FX Rate) per pound. According to macrotrents.com, the global price of copper in August 2020 was around $2.90 per pound.

Some of the recovered copper wires from Agbogbloshie are exported, where they are used as inputs in the production of new products.

Some of the ‘burner boys’ earn as low as GH₵2 (around $0.35 as at the time of writing this) per burn, and sometimes as high as GH₵200 (around $35) or more on a good day.

The ‘burner boys’ are the least earned in the process from picking up the wires to exporting them out of Ghana.

And as I have argued elsewhere about this, removing the ‘burner boys’ from the picture won’t solve the problem of the open burning of electrical wires at Agbogbloshie.

Removing the ‘burner boys’ won’t stop the demand for copper.

The scrap dealers would find new ‘burner boys’ in a heartbeat.

They only have to cross the Korle into the nearby settlements, and thousands of jobless urban poor would be more than happy to do the job.

Read more about this perspective here.

Agbogbloshie Statistics

Getting reliable data from scrap dealers at Agbogbloshie is a big problem.

Much of the information Agbogbloshie scrap workers provide cannot be verified.

I’m currently using a different method to gather some usable data. 

I collect data at Agbogbloshie for my personal use — to have a far better understanding of the problem. Not for academic purposes. 

I’ll do my best to share some of them on www.muntaka.com whenever I’m able to find the time to process them.

Where Does The Electronic Waste in Ghana Come From?

Again, don’t be too quick to start pointing fingers.

Most of the electronic waste in Ghana are generated by people in the country.

True, they were imported, but they first add value to the local economy, by several years of use by people in Ghana before ending up at a place such as Agbogbloshie. I can’t stress this point enough.

This is one from the Government of Ghana:

LMICs stands for low-and middle-income countries.

The claim above in the Ghana Health and Pollution Action Plan8 is spurious and problematic.

As I have repeatedly argued, imported computers and televisions sets are first used by people in Ghana before being cannibalized for parts at a place such as Agbogbloshie. They mostly do not go straight from the sea ports to a place such as Agbogbloshie.

If the e-waste were mostly imported purposely for recycling, then this should imply that most Ghanaian households do not use televisions at all or only use brand new LED TVs which cost a few hundred dollars or more (in a country with around $2,000 GDP per capita).

The Basel Convention still provides for the importation of electronic waste for repairs and reuse under certain terms, so yes, electronic waste still gets in.

Secondhand electronics are not unique to Ghana. I doubt Agbogbloshie would have gained notoriety if e-waste is recycled in a manner that does not pose risks to human health and the environment.

This was mainly done without any regard for the hazard that they pose to the environment or for the health risk they pose to the people living in the area,” the highlighted Ghana Government document above adds.

It is surprising an official document reads this way. Primitive e-waste processing and recycling at Agbogbloshie endanger public health. The Government of Ghana is aware of it, yet won’t lift a finger?


Take the photographs above. Electricity Company of Ghana’s (ECG) energy meters about to be recycled at Agbogbloshie.

ECG is a state-owned power distribution company. The meters were government properties.

The energy meters ended up at Agbogbloshie despite the ECG having a decommissioning plan.

The informal recyclers dump the unwanted parts near the Korle Lagoon, where children further cannibalize from them.

ECG assemblies their meters in Ghana. Some are also imported.

It is unlikely you will find references to this in a Ghana Government document, which makes spurious claims about e-waste being imported with the intent to immediately send them out to a place such as Agbogbloshie.

It is clear the problem here is not the e-waste itself. It is policy and enforcement on the part of the Ghanaian Government, which are lacking.

As a local myself, I can attest to how valuable used electronics are to the local economy. I have used the same secondhand Morphy Richards steam iron since 2012. It still works just fine.

I picked up the steam iron for GH₵60 (around $31 in 2012). Not sure if one of the latest built-in obsolescence clothes iron would have lasted this long even after being used before crossing the Atlantic to my parts.

According to the World Bank widget below, Ghana’s GDP per capita is around $2,200 (2018). Not exactly the country a lot of people can afford high-end gadgets.

Reuse is actually encouraged by the Basel Convention as a way to reduce the environmental footprint of manufacturing electronics.

Where Does Your Electronic Waste Go?

If you live in Ghana, your electronic waste most likely eventually ends up at a place such as Agbogbloshie. 

There’s a small chance your electronic waste ends up at Agbogbloshie if you live in Berlin, New York or Tokyo, these days.

If they do end up in Ghana, while some may still go straight to a place such as Agbogbloshie, the majority are used by locals for years before ending up at a dump.

Has There Been An Attempt to Tackle Environmental Pollution at Agbogbloshie?

Yes, there have been several attempts over the years to tackle Agbogbloshie. None has worked so far, though.

Pure Earth, GreenAd, and the Greater Accra Scrap Dealers Association in 2014 inaugurated wire-stripping machines inside the Agbogbloshie scrapyard to help tackle the open burning of waste cables. In short, this has not worked.

Read more about why the granulators are not working in the link below:

Related: A Small Glimmer of Hope Comes to Agbogbloshie

The German implementing Agency Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) with Ghana’s Ministery of Environment also jointly inaugurated a €5million health post and training workshop inside the Agbogbloshie scrapyard to help tackle the impact of e-waste in Ghana.

Read the link above to see my criticism of this facility, and why it won’t be doing much to help with the situation.

There has been too much emphasis on technical solutions to Agbogbloshie. This is a problem on its own, I think.

My question is this: how do you tackle problems in poverty-stricken landscapes without involving the people directly and without critical data?

See my criticism of the approach to tackling Agbogbloshie here.

Is The Government of Ghana Doing Enough To Tackle Agbogbloshie?

No, the Government of Ghana has done very little to tackle environmental pollution at Agbogbloshie.

Environmental pollution at Agbogbloshie (presently) is worse than it has ever been.

With Agbogbloshie in mind, Ghana’s EPA announced on July 7, 20209, that they will prosecute people who burn e-waste.

A welcome, but confusing pronouncement.

Who would Ghana’s EPA prosecute, and how? The burner boys who are victims themselves? Or the scrap dealers who give the instructions for the wires to be openly incinerated?

To confirm to readers that open incineration continues unabated, I went out on July 17, 2020, to grab some quick aerial shots of the open burning of waste cables at Agbogbloshie.

Update: I can confirm that the police arrested 8 ‘Bombay side burner boys’ on August 21, 2020. They were all released the same day.

You can read about the arrest here. I can also confirm that burning continued the same day.

Exposure to toxic air pollution from Agbogbloshie remains a major source of health risk in Accra in mid-2020.

Visit Agbogbloshie

Everyone can visit Agbogbloshie — both locals and foreigners. No need to pay a tour company. 

You can get there via trotro (a bush taxi-like city minibus), but they are a hassle. Normal taxi or uber should be fine.

I strongly recommend you ask for the Agbogbloshie scrapyard chairman’s office if you are a non-Ghanaian. Tell whoever is available why you are there. You shouldn’t have a problem.

Be respectful of the scrap workers. Don’t photograph people without their permission. Ask their permission first, if granted, fine, if not, move on.

Some of the scrap workers ask visitors to pay money to photograph them. It’s up to you if you want to pay.

I have seen tourists point their cameras at scrap workers without their permission. They are not always happy about this. While the place may appear like a ruin to you, it’s actually a functioning scrapyard.

Toxicity levels at Agbogbloshie are no joke, so I wouldn’t recommend you arriving there in flip-flops, sandals, tank tops, or shorts.

Happy visiting!

Agbogbloshie 2020 and The Farewell

It was the end of a decade, and for me, it was also the end of an era.

I grabbed the scenes below (and more) on December 31, 2019, to mark the end of my uninvited participation at that area of society. That is, on the open burning of waste cables to recover copper at Agbogbloshie, Ghana. I announce this with a heavy heart.

But I’m not totally moving out of Agbogbloshie. I’m merely moving a few yards away from the burning problem. I’ll spend sometime on the issue of children using bare hands, stones, and hammers to dismantle electronics for the precious metals inside before eventually bowing out to focus on other issues in society.

I have hinted in some of my writings about what I thought were some of the ways to approach Agbogbloshie over the time I have spent documenting and collecting great amount of data on the open burning of electrical wires.

During this period, I have followed the itinerant collectors/scavengers throughout Accra to see the sources of the wires, and for my use, I have also traced the journeys of some of the copper wires from Agbogbloshie to the exit points. I have also collected a great amount of air quality data around Agbogbloshie and beyond, to get a fair idea of the impact of the burning.

I gave out a lot of particulate and elastomeric respirators around Agbogbloshie to help minimize their exposure to particulates and certain gaseous pollutants from the open burning of waste cables.

I tried my best to help whenever the ‘burner boys’ brought their personal problems to me. This included cash, food, medical costs, accommodation, etc. For what its worth, I’m happy to have helped.

The open burning of copper wires bothers me due to the health risks it poses to Accra residents.

But I think you can say that I lost in the end, and the Government of Ghana and their partners have won. This problem persists and worse than it has ever been.

I meet new young people who had just arrived to begin life as ‘burner boys’ almost every time I go to Agbogbloshie. I have tried to tie this problem to Africa’s youth bulge, and one of the reasons why the Ghanaian Government and their partners should take another look at their strategy.

Ghana Government And Agbogbloshie

Prof. Kwabena Frimpong Boateng, Ghana’s Minister for Environment, Science, Technology & Innovation, announced in a room packed full of journalists on July 2, 2019, that, the open burning of electrical wires was no longer a concern at Agbogbloshie as the inaugurated Agbogbloshie Technical Training Centre has managed to curb it.

He went on to caution the Ghanaian journalists present to ignore all images coming out of Agbogbloshie as they may have been unearthed from the archives to mischaracterize the situation.

Let me clarify this again — the minister’s claim was not true in July 2019, and it is not true as of 1 October 2020, when I updated this article. The problem persists and has never been this worse — from all accounts.

I reacted to this both in the local media, here, and also in a blog post here.

If the minister’s claims were true (July 2019), why did his own agency (EPA) threatened to prosecute people who burn e-waste in July 2020 and even went on to arrest some burner boys in late August 2020?

The Agbogbloshie Technical Training Centre, for now, trains the scrap workers on how to safely dismantle e-waste. I also heard they train young women on how to make soap and other items including ‘bofrott’, a local snack.

It’s a training centre, and does not provide for whatever the minister claimed. Again, thanks to the German Government for this. For my part, I see the point. I hope it all works out in the end.

For me, the problem was not knowing how to be confrontational about the toxicity issues and the degraded human conditions at Agbogbloshie, but to use some of the mediums I’m most familiar with — photography and the internet — to spread the word. I have sufficiently done this.

I was able to use recent photographs to prove that the local government’s claims were false. This was important to me because the majority of the people who are most concerned about Agbogbloshie are non-Ghanaians living outside of Ghana. They may not be able to independently verify these claims. Taking recent photographs and posting them on the internet was a way to keep everyone updated about this situation.

Unauthorized use of photos online

A quick one about photos online. Unless otherwise stated, no photo on the internet is free. I’m actually no fan of watermarking photos as it diminishes their appeal, in my opinion. But I have had to start doing this to ward off online photo theft.

A lot of photographers cannot post some of their best works online out of fear they may be stolen and used without their permission.

I have had issues with some international organizations and Ghana’s top media outlets going on one of my companies website, steal photos, reuse, and caption them as ‘file photo’. Some didn’t even bother at all to credit them. They used them as if the photographs were their own.

Photographers spend thousands of dollars on gears. Think about it — how would they pick up the next great lens if you steal their creative work without having to pay them?

You are not entitled to reuse photographs you see on the internet. If you don’t own the copyright to them, don’t reuse unless you have permission. Simple.

Reach out to the copyright owners, and some of them wouldn’t have a problem letting you use them for editorial. I’m always happy to send the RAW files to organizations and media agencies who reach out to me on a photo they’d like to use for editorial. As long as you are not going to profit from the photos, I’m always happy to help. I have given out a lot of photographs to the world for free and always happy to see them used.

Just stumbled upon these by the Harvard Business School (December 2019), Duke University, and the United Nations Association of Germany (Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen – DGVN – Jan 2020 ):

These were duly credited. I shot the first one (plastic pollution) with a mobile phone while walking along the coast on an October (2018) morning. I’m sure I’ll find several hundreds of references and credits if I bother to look around. I was happy to give both photos, and more, for free to the world for everyone’s use.

So, always reach out to photographers about their work. Illegally downloading them from their website might land you into trouble.

Many thanks for tagging along. I hope my part in this has been helpful to anyone who cares about this situation.

And so ends this chapter.

Leave your comments and questions below, and I will try my best to respond within 24 hours.

© 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Sources

  1. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6369e.pdf
  2. https://www.atcmask.com/blogs/blog/air-pollution-in-ghana
  3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290519876_Exploratory_Health_Assessment_of_Chemical_Exposures_at_E-Waste_Recycling_and_Scrapyard_Facility_in_Ghana
  4. https://www.epa.gov/lead/hazard-standards-lead-paint-dust-and-soil-tsca-section-403
  5. https://www.ban.org/news/2019/4/24/rotten-eggs-e-waste-from-europe-poisons-ghanas-food-chain
  6. http://content.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1870162,00.html
  7. https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/un-report-time-seize-opportunity-tackle-challenge-e-waste
  8. https://www.muntaka.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/GHANA-HEALTH-AND-POLLUTION-ACTION-PLAN.pdf
  9. https://www.gna.org.gh/1.18596409

January 1, 2020

14 Min read time

Comments (8):

  1. fatma

    September 10, 2020at 8:45 am

    I don’t got it about GIZ , what they done?? are they doing helpful more than benefit for themselves !!

    Reply

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