WARNING: This post contains very graphic images. I'll strongly recommend you hit the return button.
WARNING: Again, this page contains photographs that may be disturbing to some readers. Not the easiest photographs to look at, especially if you cannot stomach open wounds.
These are raw and point-blank photographs of youth poverty and a tragedy that is slowly unfolding.
All the young people on this page were born in the 21st century (informs the title and actually not a Green Day parody) and they are spending their youth outdoors — in a cold, harsh urban environment.
Youth Poverty in Ghana
The youth bear the greatest burden of poverty in Ghana.
Lacking economic resources, a lot of young people in Ghana have withdrawn from social and civic life — to the fringes, where they engage in hazardous work.
The gerontocratic culture in which they live stifles and excludes them from critical areas of decision making and the development process.
According to Ghana’s 2020 Multidimensional Poverty Index1, some members of the demographic cohorts (Generation Z & Alpha) on this page — aged 0-14 years — face the worst deprivations, including in areas of education, health, and living standards.
More than half of Ghana’s population was born after 1995.
Ghana’s Generation Z: What is Happening to Them?
The photographs below capture the daily grind of youth poverty in Ghana.
I take no pleasure in displaying them. In fact, they have kept me up many nights.
My hope is that someone with a much stronger voice chance upon this and manages to press the Ghana Government on it.
Have you ever come across the photograph above in your research concerning Agbogbloshie?
That’s Benjamin Baidoo — 14 years old now.
I grabbed the scene above in September 2019.
Benjamin is engaged in hazardous child labour. He spends his days cannibalizing from e-waste at Agbogbloshie in Accra — an area once listed alongside Chernobly2, the 1986 nuclear accident site in Ukraine.
Agbogbloshie is renowned for its heavy metals pollution.
I’m still in shock after a late September 2020 episode concerning Benjamin.
Let’s rewind to a couple of weeks before the September 2020 incident.
Below, I stopped by to check up on the boys on August 17, 2020, as I do a few times every month:
Now to the incident.
While in the area on September 23rd, I found Benjamin sleeping and shaking uncontrollably on a scrap refrigerator.
The boys immediately told me he had been cut very badly by scrap metal. He woke up to show me his injured fingers wrapped in bandages.
Had a mobile phone with with me, so I grabbed this quick shot of him looking worn out:
Didn’t look good to me, so gave out money to have him sent to a nearby clinic to have it checked although he told me it was examined the day before.
Shocked by this, I had people keep an eye on him throughout the next couple of days. I visited on September 28 to see how Benjamin was healing.
There, Benjamin had removed the bandages:
In fact, this did not slow down Benjamin as he went on to scavenge for scraps:
That’s Benjamin and the 17-year-old Joseph Akwah. This is what they got when I checked back a few hours later:
Benjamin still healing his middle knuckles, Joseph went to work.
He was injured while manually dismantling a computer keyboard to recover the metal inside:
These are two photos of Joseph working a few months back:
Update: October 20, 2020:
I visited to check up on the boys on October 19, 2020.
A quick update on Benjamin incase you are concerned (second from left below):
I have been documenting this situation for some time now. If this is your first time, the page in the link below explains this situation with photographs:
Below is a quick look at some of the child labourer that were present during my visit on September 28, 2020.
Ibrahim Tanko, 11 years old E-waste Miner
I went in around 6:30 AM on September 28.
A lot of them, including the 11-year-old Tanko, sleep near the scrapyard. Some on cardboard sheets in the open.
Tanko lives on his own (as of October 2020) and survives through his wits on the streets.
He slept (as of October 2020) on a heap of second-hand clothes at June 4th (Kantamanto) — near Agbogbloshie.
“I’m bitten by mosquitos every day,” Tanko said when I asked about his accommodation situation.
I found Tanko gambling that early in an area called ‘ghetto’.
Tanko frequently pulled out reds — GH₵1.00 banknotes [around $0.17] — from his fanny pack.
An interesting makeshift ‘roulette’.
Tanko and the others came out to have breakfast after losing money at the table:
Powdered milk, sugar, and warm water served in a disposable plastic cup.
Bought from this wheelbarrow cart:
In fact, Tanko’s mother lives just nearby.
“My mother has recently given birth and lives with her boyfriend near the Kokomba market,” Said Tanko,
“Tanko’s mother’s boyfriend hit Tanko hard in the head the last time he entered their room,” Ayitey, one of the child labourers below, told me when I asked why Tanko doesn’t go home.
Tanko himself told me that he won’t be going back home.
He uses his bare hands and stones to dismantle e-waste to recover the precious metals inside. He also handpicks small pieces of metals in the soil around the area.
Elaborating on his dreams, Tanko said: “I would like to go to the USA to play football (soccer).”
When I asked why not stay and play it in Ghana, he added in Twi, a local dialect: “they don’t play it very well in Ghana.”
“Well…Ghana is more of a soccer country than the USA,” I insisted.
“I still want to go to the USA. Life in Ghana is too tough!”
To hear an 11-year-old explain the realities of living out in the open and handpicking metals from an area once listed alongside a place such as Dzerzhinsk4, the Soviet-era chemical weapons manufacturing city, left me shattered.
Here are a few of Tanko back in May:
Update: October 20, 2020:
Visited to check up on them on October 19th and found that Tanko was cut by a subwoofer magnet he was using to recover metals in the soil around Agbogbloshie:
Tanko was shirtless when I first saw him on the morning of October 19, 2020.
He told me he did not have a shirt when I asked where his top was. When I asked how much it will cost to get him a new shirt, he responded: “GH₵1.00 [around $0.17]”
He immediately turned around and picked up the second-hand t-shirt he wears in the photos above.
I had him and Ankrah sent to a nearby clinic.
Kweku Natus Frimpong, 12 years old
In case you are curious about what was going on behind Natus:
The men had been burning waste cables to recover copper materials. They also openly incinerate scrap tires for steel wires.
Natus and some of the others when I visited on October 19, 2020:
Here are a few of Natus from the past:
15-year-old Emmanuel Osei
A few from the past:
Junior Adama, 13 years old
Read the link above to learn more about Junior Adama.
Kwadjo slipped and fell on broken CRT glass while dismantling e-waste back in September. He appeared to be healing:
Mustafa Zuberu, 13, and Bright Ankrah, 14
Mustafa Zuberu, 13 years old, and Bright Ankrah, 14, were in the frames when I visited on October 19, 2020. Below are a few of both of them from the past:
The harsh living conditions in Accra is tough enough — where people fight with each other for basic survival — but this is worse.
Are the scenes above a consequence of a corrupt society or simply the nature of the system?
The Worst Forms of Child Labour in Ghana
Ghana has done very little to tackle the worst forms of child labour, according to the US Department of Labor’s 2019 Findings6 on the Worst Forms of Child Labor in Ghana.
Hazardous child labour in Ghana and Ivory Coast’s cocoa-growing areas — 43%7 of children aged 5 and 17 — has gone up from 31% in 2008-09 to 45% in 2018-19 period, according to an October 2020 report8 from the University of Chicago.
Ghana and Ivory Coast produce more than half of the world’s cocoa supply, says Fairtrade International9. The Washington Post10 adds that this output illegally relies on the sweat of more than 1 million children — benefiting mainly the world’s chocolate companies.
To make it worse — children from poor communities are now at a much greater risk of child labour than ever before due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Many developing countries, including Ghana, have made little progress in ending poverty.
Sorry, but 2030 is not realistic at all.
Should we look to the later part of the 21st century?
That’s a long way out.
If things do improve, can we converge back here on December 31, 2100, if we make it, and raise a glass to the past and say: “Wow, what a century!”?
Read more about the situation on this page in the links below:
Hi, Muntaka Chasant here. I'm, among many other things, an entrepreneur and a documentary photographer. I'm here on the front lines of urban struggle — only with my wits and cameras — capturing key moments, collecting untold stories, and helping to forge new paths.