About This Author

Muntaka Chasant is an entrepreneur, researcher, and a documentary photographer based in Accra, Ghana. His work centers around the core challenges of sustainability, new and emerging challenges, including the "three planetary crises" of climate change, biodiversity loss, and pollution. Feel free to drop him a line at hello[at]

Content From This Author

Agbogbloshie Urban poverty

Agbogbloshie Demolition: The End of An Era or An Injustice?

Emerging consequences of the Agbogbloshie demolition, betrayals, recounts of events, and a glimpse of everyday struggles in Accra and how urban marginality is experienced. Beyond the role of the State in dispossessing Accra’s urban poor, the Agbogbloshie demolition should be viewed within the context of socio-spatial entanglements.

Wetlands and People

Wetlands and People in Distress

The tropics are in trouble. The current trend in biodiversity loss in the tropics is shaping local livelihoods.

Climate Change Wetlands and People

Tropical Wetlands: The Life of Simon Nwi

Tropical wetlands — long seen as the reservoirs of much of the world’s biodiversity — are dangerously in decline. Anthropogenic medications and climate variability have resulted in the loss of key ecosystem services and functions. This is a quick peek into the tropical life of a rural fisherman who relies on tropical wetlands as a source of job.

Ghana Unsustainable Urbanization

Ghana: Sustainable Vs. Unsustainable Landscapes

Changing landscapes: Nearshore environments are responding to overexploitation, urbanization, and pollution.

Rural Poverty in Ghana Women in Poverty

Women At The Front Lines of Rural Poverty in Ghana

What are the realities of the lives of rural women in Ghana today?

Nzulezo Tourism in Ghana

Visit Nzulezo (Nzulenzu) — But Read This

The cultural commodification of Nzulezo (Nzulenzu) challenges their traditional identity. This cultural voyeurism fuels tensions between the stilt village, the nearby Beyin town, the local traditional council, and government agencies, who all want a share of your tourist dollars.

Joshua Clottey

Joshua Clottey Plays Street Football in Ghana

Joshua Clottey has fought many great boxers, including Manny Pacquiao. He is a legend on the streets of Jamestown, where he grew up. See him play street football on concrete with the urban poor.

Hazardous child labour

Wake Me Up When the 21st Century Ends

WARNING: This post contains very graphic images.

Atidza Densu Delta Mangroves in Ghana

Fisheries and Mangroves in Ghana: Atidza and the Densu Delta Ecosystems

Tidal river fishermen have degraded the mangrove forest cover around the Densu Delta — a Ramsar-designated wetland — for traditional fish traps. Only around 16 red mangrove trees (Rhizophora species) are left standing, having all been cut down for the traps, fuelwood, and timber. But mangrove biomass is critical for fish assemblages, which the fishers depend on. This habitat degradation has led to a loss of biodiversity in the area — leading to a decline in fish stock in the Densu intertidal zone. The video below explores this problem.

Plastic Pollution Poverty in Ghana

Urban Poverty and Plastic: Youth, Waste Collectors, Scavengers

Africa has one of the world’s poorest youth populations. The photographs below are only a small glimpse into how a 25-year-old urban poor Ghanaian man is determined to survive in Accra's harsh urban environment.

Agbogbloshie Environmental Pollution

Recycling Heliax Coaxial Cables at Agbogbloshie

Burning heliax coaxial cables in the open to recover copper-clad steel release highly toxic chemicals into the environment.

Densu Delta Fishing in Ghana Mangroves in Ghana

Fishing in Ghana: The Art of Crabbing

Hand making traditional crab traps and artisanal blue crab fishing in Ghana

Cape Three Points Null Island

Cape Three Points — Nearest Land To Null Island (0°N 0°E)

Aerial view of Cape Three Points, the southernmost tip of Ghana and the nearest land to Null Island (at zero degrees latitude and longitude)

Acadja Atidza Mangroves in Ghana

Mangroves in Ghana: Man Cuts Down Mangrove Trees To Construct Atidza Traps

Video and photos of a man transporting mangrove branches over the Densu River. Mangroves, also known as the Guardians of the Coast, provide incredibly important ecosystem services, including support for threatened species.

Climate Change Livelihoods

Fisheries and Climate Change in Ghana: Impacts, Causes and Solutions

In a classic Tragedy of The Commons scenario, industrial fishing vessels in Ghana are dredging up small pelagics reserved for the artisanal sector — having already depleted higher trophic species. The vessels tip overboard the unwanted (bycatch). In response, Ghana’s artisanal canoe fishers are resorting to destructive fishing methods, including using bombs to send a shock wave through the water to maximize their catch and light to attract shoals of fish. The canoe fishers say they will stop when the Government stops the trawlers. Climate change is magnifying these vulnerabilities to the extent that fishermen no longer go to the sea because 'there is no fish in the ocean'. Is the future already here?

Agbogbloshie E-waste Ghana Society

Agbogbloshie E-waste: Electric Meters, Transformers and Copper

Agbogbloshie is Ghana's largest e-waste graveyard. Even Ghana's electricity distribution company's energy meters end up there.

Ghana Korle Lagoon Livelihoods Society

Man Fishes In The Korle Lagoon Due To Plastic Pollution At Sea

The eastern tropical Atlantic ocean is filled with so much plastic debris that a poor Ghanaian fisherman had no choice but to remain ashore to fish in one of the most polluted water bodies on earth instead.

Agbogbloshie Ghana Slum Sodom and Gomorrah Ghana Urban poverty

Sodom and Gomorrah, Ghana: Municipal Infrastructure and Local Resources

Thousands of urban poor use a precarious makeshift wooden bridge to cross from the densely populated Sodom and Gomorrah slum to the Jamestown area and Korle Bu, Ghana's premier healthcare facility. Video and photos, and a brief interview with the entrepreneur behind the bridge.

Environmental Pollution Korle Lagoon Livelihoods Plastic Pollution Society

Plastic Pollution in Ghana: Urban Trash Heroes

Urban poor men risk injury and drowning to swim in the heavily polluted Korle Lagoon — float alongside human remains sometimes — to recover recyclable plastics, which they sell for around $0.17 per kilo.

Agbogbloshie Ghana Society

Agbogbloshie Toxicity: Beef Cattle Ranching in Contaminated Environment

Photos: Ranching in an area once listed alongside Chernobyl and Norilsk. Beef from Agbogbloshie's contaminated environment is entering Ghana's food chain.

Climate Change Fish processing in Ghana Society Urban poverty

Fish Processing in Ghana: Trade-offs Between Livelihoods and Health risks

Fish processors in Ghana trade-off between their livelihoods and exposure to cancer-causing toxicants such as PAHs. Climate-related shocks, overfishing, and other human activities are also shaping the mobility of migrant fishers.

Child Labour Child labour in Ghana Hazardous child labour

Child Labour in Ghana: Meet 8-Year-Old ‘Akufo-Addo’

Nicknamed after Ghana's current president, the 8 years old 'Akufo-Addo' is engaged in hazardous child labour on the margins of Accra, Ghana's capital city. See how he navigates the fringes of Agbogbloshie, an area once listed alongside Chernobyl and Dzershinsk.

Coronavirus COVID-19 Science

Coronavirus: Updates, Symptoms, and Research Findings

Symptoms and latest advances in the biology of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Bad Journalism Photo Theft

Copyrighted Photo Theft by MYJOYONLINE

An online photo theft incident involving the Ghanaian news website MYJOYONLINE.COM. They used my copyrighted photo without my permission. I called to ask them to take it down, but guess what? They replaced it with another stolen photo — my work again. A 2021 update included.

Ghana Plastic Pollution

Plastic Pollution in Ghana: Videos and Photos

A quick glimpse of the plastic soup we have cooked.

Air Pollution in Ghana Ghana

Ghana Has The Second Dirtiest Air In Africa – Report

Ghana has the second dirtiest air in Africa, according to the IQAir AirVisual’s 2020 World Air Quality Report.

Agbogbloshie Ghana Society

Urban Outcasts: Children of Agbogbloshie

Urban poverty, children in toxic spaces, and hazardous child labour in video and photos.

Agbogbloshie Ghana

Agbogbloshie, Ghana: Questions and Answers

A look at Agbogbloshie, Ghana, after the end of the second decade of the 21st century. Photos and videos included.

Ghana Street Story

Cutlass-Wielding Prisoners Beg For Money on the Streets of Accra, Ghana

Is it OK if society gives prisoners cutlasses and shovels and let them loose on the street to panhandle for money?


Zebra With a Large Hump Spotted in The Ngorongoro Crater

A zebra with a large camel-like hump photographed in the Ngorongoro Crateer, Tanzania.

On the Banks of the Korle Lagoon, Where Memories and Dreams Come Together

Youth of Accra The Korle Lagoon (fed by the Odaw River) flows into the Gulf of Guinea, the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. It is not only a reservoir of pollution and waste, but also a place where dreams, vivid memories, pain, secrets, and struggles all come together. Hundreds of young people are […]

‘I’d Never Come if I knew Life in Accra was Going to be this Tough’

Warning: This is a disturbing peek into the daily struggles of an urban poor man who had migrated to Accra, Ghana’s capital city, in search of economic opportunities. Accra’s harsh urban environment is taking a toll on the city’s youth. To survive in the harsh urban setting, a lot of young people have resorted to […]

Natural Rubber (Latex) Middleman

After living in Accra — Ghana’s capital city — for six years without any meaningful employment, Ebenezer Yankey, 28 years old, decided to go back to his hometown to try his hands on natural rubber (latex). Ebenezer is doing well and earns roughly around GH₵2,000 (about $350) per month — way more than the average […]

Single Mother

Matilda, 27 years old, lives in rural Ghana. She’s a single mother. Her husband left her for another woman after he moved to Accra, Ghana’s capital city. I found her, her daughter, and two friends as I photographed random people use a semi-auto hand-washing machine donated by the USAID to help curb the spread of […]

Centering the Experiences of Urban Poor Women.

To put the experiences of women at the center of analysis, I started a project in 2020 to open a dialogue with poor women who live in urban ghettos and slums — to document their situations within the framework of livelihood approaches. I’m hoping to capture an up-close account of their everyday lives, struggles, and […]

Slum Children

I found these urban poor children backflipping and landing on rubbish-strewn sawdust piles just by the Korle Lagoon — in the Sodom and Gomorrah slum (Old Fadama) in Accra, Ghana’s capital city. More than 70,000 urban poor live in the Sodom and Gomorrah slum. With no playgrounds, Sodom and Gomorrah slum children spend their time […]

‘All the mangrove trees are gone’ — 76 Years Old Fisherman

A 76 years old fisherman who relies on mangrove fish assemblages as a source of job and food is sad that the mangrove habitats that helped to support him and his family are all gone. Mangrove habitats serve as a home for many fish species, including the staple blackhin tilapia the urban poor rely on […]

Azorkre Adarga: The 68 years old urban poor plastic waste collector

Azorkre Adarga, nicknamed ‘Didi,’ is a 68 years old urban poor African man engaged in plastic waste collection on the margins of Accra, Ghana’s capital city. Didi spends his days collecting recyclable plastics wherever he can find them, including scouring rubbish bins and handpicking them in waterways. Mr. Adarga is homeless and sleeps under wooden […]

Methods of Fishing in Ghana: Atidza (Acadja) Brush Park Fishing

Joseph Akagbo and Selassie Tsetsogbi (below) are Atidza/Acadja blackchin tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) urban fishermen. Atidza/Acadja Method of Fishing in Ghana Atidza (in Ewe) or Acadja (in Ga) fishermen spend more than 5 hours every 4 weeks digging up an underwater structure made up of mangrove brush bundles from the muddy bottoms of the Densu Delta […]

Urban Fisherman

David Kpaligah, 49 years, is an urban poor crab and lagoon tilapia fisherman (Atidza) in Accra, Ghana’s capital city. Check out the Stories section for a special story (coming soon), video, and photographs of David engaged in brush park fishing (Atidza or Acadja). Copyright © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Documentary Filmmaking

To tell a story in its most truest form, photographers and filmmakers sometimes have to put their lives on the frontlines of human struggle. The Japanese photographer and cinematographer Hideyo Fukuda puts himself in harm’s way to tell a tragic story that is dear to his heart, mine, and several other people. It was gloomy, […]

Occupational Hazard

It was near dusk, and he stood in toxic smoke and light, glancing at an old manual weighing scale. He and other men had been using open pit fires to melt waste plastic lined blister foils from the pharmaceutical industry into molten metal. The sun’s rays came through the sides, wafted through the smoke-filled area, […]


Subject matter: an artisan is handmaking aluminium cookware in Accra, Ghana. These photographs are part of a study and a documentary. Hopefully I get around to displaying that work on soon. Copyright © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Methods of Fishing in Ghana: Glass Bottle and Gari Tilapia Fish Trap

Kudjo (below) uses whiskey and gin bottles he had collected from funerals and drinking bars as traps to entrap blackchin tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) in the Densu River in Accra, Ghana’s capital city. But this method of fishing can only help so much. Kudjo catches only smaller or stunted lagoon tilapia. He will need a lot […]

Agbogbloshie: Burning Steering Wheels

Thousands of young people escape poverty in their villages and town to Accra, Ghana’s capital city, in search of job opportunities every year. With no education at all in a harsh urban environment, many of them end up in the informal sector, where they engage in hazardous work. Awal, 27 years old, is urban poor, […]

Smoking in The Rain

Don’t jump off off your seat and start wondering about the above-featured photo just yet. There’s actually a story behind it. It had been raining, and this urban poor man’s mobility was restricted. But he needed to move. And pots are made for cooking or for using to prevent one’s hair from getting wet in […]

A Child Labour Scene

It was late May 2020, on a cold, rainy afternoon, in an area once rated alongside Chernobyl. ‘Akufo-Addo,’ 8 years old, stood on e-waste heap (discarded computer parts and broken cathode-ray tube [CRT] glasses) in the rain. Born Kevin Twum Barimah, he’s nicknamed after Ghana’s current president due to their uncanny resemblance. Akufo-Addo cannibalizes from […]

Urban Suffering

Here’s a poignant scene of urban suffering. I immediately knew I needed to grab the scene above when I saw the man come towards me, soaking wet. Where had he been? What is he carrying? What’s on his mind? Many young people had escaped hunger and poverty in Ghana’s agricultural hinterlands to Accra, the capital […]

Agbogbloshie: Rain and Fire

More than 55% of Ghana’s population is under the age of 25. Coming mainly from areas with low literacy rates, thousands of young people migrate from rural to urban areas such as Accra in search of economic opportunities every year. But the unemployment rate in Ghana is higher in urban (13% in 2015) than in […]

Child Labour in Photos: Electronic Waste

Photography’s impact on society and culture is ubiquitous. Visual images have shaped public and foreign policy for centuries — creating an unrivaled role in transforming human societies in ways we cannot even imagine. Lewis Hine’s work inspired legislation that cut down the number of children engaged in child labour in the United States at the […]

E-waste Recycling And Child Labour

Kwaku Debrah, 15 years old, was engaged in hazardous child labour on the margins of Accra, Ghana’s capital city. A broomstick fired from a slingshot punctured his eyeball when he was just 9 years old. New to eye injury, Debrah instantly pulled the stick out. He’s now blind in the left eye and wears a […]

Urban Mining

Reclaiming precious metals from electronic waste (e-waste) is a major source of livelihood in the developing world. Joseph Akwah, 17 years old, uses his bare hands and stones to dismantle e-waste for the precious metals inside on the fringes of Agbogbloshie, Ghana. An Urban Mining Technique Iron scrap sold for GH₵0.80 (around $0.15) in May […]

Pain and Struggle

As they watch us struggle with the pain of losing… Scarred by Struggle, Transformed by Hope — Joan Chittister Cities are juxtaposition of wealth and poverty. A photograph depicting a young man pushing it hard as he struggles to survive in a harsh urban environment amid scarcity and deprivation.

Poverty and Child Labour

In a rich and fruitful land, Babes reduced to misery, And their fields are bleak and bare william blake Kwaku Debrah is an economically vulnerable adolescent boy who spends his days scavenging and cannibalizing from discarded e-waste on the fringes of Agbogbloshie, Ghana. A sharp long African broomstick fired from a slingshot punctured his eyeball […]

Urbanization And Child Labour

Into the nothingness of scorn and noise, Into the living sea of waking dreams, Where there is neither sense of life nor joys, But the vast shipwreck of my life’s esteems; John clare, i am Cities in the global south are urbanizing rapidly. This comes with a dark side — urban poverty. What are the […]

Urban Isolation

Caught these guys looking isolated against a backdrop of the heavily polluted Korle Lagoon. Here’s an establishing view of the area in May 2020. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Child Poverty

Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty than the person who has nothing to eat. Mother Teresa Kwaku Michael is a 7-year-old scavenger and urban miner who spends his days cannibalizing from e-waste on the margins of Agbogbloshie, Ghana. Child Poverty Images […]

Electronic Waste

Informal electronic waste (e-waste) recycling at Agbogbloshie is a major source of livelihood for thousands of the urban poor around the Old Fadama slum area. However, the primitive recycling of e-waste at Agbogbloshie contaminates the landscape, releasing toxic materials, including cadmium, lead, mercury, chromium, dioxins, and furans, into the soil, air, and groundwater. The problem […]

Urban Poverty Amid Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Let me return to the poverty in which I was born, and gain a livelihood by the labour of my hands… The Literary Panorama, and National Register, Volume 9 by charles taylor Ghana eased its coronavirus lockdown on April 20, 2020, after 3 weeks of partial restrictions on movements in Kumasi and Accra, Ghana’s capital city. While things are […]

Hard Working Man

Rural-urban inequalities drive thousands of young people to flee Ghana’s agricultural heartlands to cities in search of economic opportunities every year. Many of them end up in urban slums and in hazardous work, where the harsh environment changes them from fine-looking laboring young men to sun-burnt, wrinkled old men. The harsh environment changes them from […]

Man Working Photos

Portraits of an urban man working and sweating. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Urban Miner Smoking At Agbogbloshie, Ghana

 …the smoke choked the men manning the front line. Three months war, William Hendon “…the smoke choked the men manning the front line.” — William Hendon I caught up with this Agbogbloshie ‘burner boy’ holding freshly recovered copper wires and smoking a cigarette against the backdrop of heavy toxic smoke heading for Accra Central. Urban Miner Puffing On A Cigarette At Agbogbloshie Urban […]

Happy Man Photos

You tell me that you are becoming (like myself) very poor, but you also inform me that you are very happy. The Life and Letters of Hugh Miller, Peter Bayne “You tell me that you are becoming (like myself) very poor, but you also inform me that you are very happy.” — The Life and […]

Poor Boy With Prosthetic Eye

Hundreds of children are growing up in toxic spaces amid scarcity and deprivation. This casts a serious shadow over their future. Hundreds of children such as Kwaku Debrah below are growing up in toxic spaces amid scarcity and deprivation. This casts a serious shadow over their future. Child Labourer With Artificial Eye Kwaku Debrah is […]

‘Akufo-Addo’ – The Urban Poor Child

They began work at 5:30 and quit at 7 at night. Children six years old going home to lie on a straw pallet until time to resume work the next morning! I have seen the hair torn out of their heads by the machinery, their scalps torn off, and yet not a single tear was […]

Poor Woman Crying Photos

Our hearts of stone become hearts of flesh when we learn where the outcast weeps. Brennan Manning “Our hearts of stone become hearts of flesh when we learn where the outcast weeps.” ― Brennan Manning Urban Poverty in Ghana Ms. Elizabeth is a poor woman who engages in petty-labour in order to survive in Accra’s harsh […]

Child Poverty Photos

The urban environment is increasingly becoming unfriendly to children in poverty. Millions of children are exposed to extreme poverty in urban Africa. A lot of them are forced to the margins of society, where they suffer severe shelter deprivation. Thousands engage in risky livelihoods that are dangerous to their current and future health. Urban Poor […]

Tokyo Street Photography

Tokyo is one of the largest urban sprawls in the world, with nearly 14 million people living within its traditional boundaries. The Greater Tokyo Area (comprising Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Yamanashi, and Gunma) is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 38 million people packed in around 13,500 km2 of land. Tokyo Japan […]

Old African Man Thinking Photos – The Silent Tears

Life cheats us with shadows. We ask it for pleasure. It gives it to us with bitterness and disappointment in its train. oscar wilde The Thinking African Man “Long years have since passed and life in Accra is still tough,” the elderly urban African man below told me as he looks back on his life […]

Man Thinking Photo

The world is a tragedy to those who feel, but a comedy to those who think.  Horace Walpole Thinking Urban Man Photo of a struggling urban man in a pensive mood. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

In The Rain Photos

I always like walking in the rain, so no one can see me crying. Charlie Chaplin I shed tears as I caught the moments below, and like Charlie Chaplin, no one noticed. Rain Photography The 16 years old Rafiu below scrambled for pieces of AC condenser fins during a rainfall event. It was a critical […]

Man Smiling Photo

Urban man smiling photo. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Urban Man Portrait

Urban man photo Leave your comment below. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Agbogbloshie Slum Children Play in Sawdust

I ran into these youngsters having fun playing in sawdust inside Sodom and Gomorrah (Agbogbloshie), a densely populated slum in the heart of Accra, Ghana’s capital city. Much of this area is also known as Old Fadama. Millions of children in Ghana are growing up amid scarcity and deprivation. Twenty-eight percent of children in Ghana […]

Sad Man Photo

“You are still in the happy years, Arthur, when the thoughts run but little on riches or poverty. Should you be surprised if I told you that I was a poor man – a very poor man?” “Very sorry, for I am sure you do not deserve to be poor, sir.” Workers in The Dawn, George Gissing 1880 “You are still […]

Man Smile Photo

…her smile brightens and blesses the toil of the poor man, and makes him forget his poverty and his tears. The Universalist and Ladies’ Repository – Volume 18, 1850 A hard-working urban man smile at the camera. © 2020 Muntaka Chasant

Photo of The Real Honno-ji Incident Spot in Kyoto

The Honnō-ji Incident refers to Akechi Mitsuhide‘s betrayal of his Lord Oda Nobunaga in the Honnō-ji Temple in Kyoto on June 21, 1582. The daimyō (feudal lord) Oda Nobunaga had firm control over central Japan, having destroyed the Takeda clan in the Battle of Temmokuzan, earlier. His only rivals, Uesugi Kenshin, Mōri Motonari […]

Men Smiling Photos

Peace begins with a smile.. Mother Teresa Livelihood is the epicenter of human struggle, and despite their pain, these men took a moment to be happy. Might have been a joke I cracked or something someone said. Some of these portraits make me smile and weep at the same time. Makes me weep because I […]

Men Smoking Photos

We sat there smoking cigarattes at 5 in the morning. Charles Bukowski, The Pleasures of the Damned While not a smoker myself, I have always enjoyed the sight of men puffing on cigarettes. I think there’s some character and charm to smokers — tenacious. This makes them great subjects to photograph, in my opinion. Man […]

Tokyo Japan Street Photography

Tokyo Street Photography The high density of people, crowded crosswalks, narrow alleys, and packed trains make Tokyo an interesting urban environment to capture street life. The following are from Tokyo, Japan, a few years back with an old camera. Leave your comment below and let me know what you think about these Tokyo street photos. […]